Diet & Nutrition of the Wolf
Diet & Nutrition of the Wolf have to be one of the most controversial topics in the health arena. The dietary requirements of wolves are not nearly identical to our own. Wolves need a very different diet from us humans and they must get this information from their past and present diets. How much do you know about your own diet?
Wolves rely heavily on plant-based foods such as leaves, buds and seeds, and certain types of fruits. They have very limited access to meat and fat. Their diet is very diverse and bears a striking resemblance to that of a modern human being, even down to the smallest details. They would hunt and kill large animals for the sport of eating their flesh, but carnivores would also be eaten. Their daily diet would consist mainly of prey and vegetation.
Although carnivores would play a key role in the diet of wolves, the diet of the wild can be quite different and we must understand this in order to correctly judge the needs of this creature. Carnivores also eat plant material, but in very limited quantities. They hunt and kill other small animals such as rodents, rabbits, and insects for their own survival. Herbivores do not usually prey on other vertebrates or plants but will eat either fruit nuts or flowers. This type of diet is found more in sub-Saharan Africa than any other area of the world. You can get more information about What do wolves eat.
Wolf nutrition is quite simple. It relies mainly on three major food sources. These would include plant matter, meat and nuts. The diet would also take into account some time when the animal is unable to eat its primary food source and may have to take supplements. A well balanced diet with all these main food groups is very healthy for the wolf.
There are many things that can affect wolf nutrition. One thing would be the amount of fat present in the diet, as this is the most obvious factor. However, there are other factors that can affect wolf nutrition such as availability of prey and weather conditions. In addition, some foods can actually increase the metabolism of the wolf which means they would burn more calories. These would include fats, especially omega 3 found in fish and nuts. Less fat, means less calories.
Some other things that affect diet and nutrition of the wolf would include disease, trauma, age, sex and diet. It has been found that the number of days since the last kill is also an important factor in determining the correct diet. A good example would be the American Cocker Spaniel, which usually grows up to about 4 inches and can weigh up to twenty pounds. Due to its size, most hunters prefer a large dog like this.